Soybean meal is the main source of protein for animal feeds

Soybean meal

Soybean meal is one of the main sources of protein for all farm animals in the world, Soybean meal has a few common names. Soymeal contains 42% -48% protein. And the quality protein of soymeal is very good for livestock animals. This protein contains more amino acids than other vegetable protein sources.

Uses of soybean meal

In the world, soybean meal is most commonly used in feeds of layers, broilers, golden chickens, and fish. This is considered an alternative to fish meals and other protein sources. Although it is a very good source of protein for cattle and poultry, it is rarely used in cattle and goat farms in our country.

What is the soybean meal?

Soybean meal is the by-product of oil production from soybean oil mills. It is a widely popular feed ingredient all over the world. This oil contains 42-48 percent protein, 2 percent oil or fat, and others feed nutrition.

What is the full fat soybean?

Soybean seeds are called soybean grains or full-fat soybean. These grains are also part of the diet of farm animals. These dried seeds contain 40% protein and 20% oil or fat and others feed nutrition.

It is commonly used in feed mills. If you use full-fat soybean in your animal’s diet, you do not need to use oil or fat supplements separately in feed. Using it can reduce the cost of feed production.

Why price effective

Soybean meal or full-fat Soybean prices are very low in terms of protein and fat. Animal/Fish protein where 60% protein but the cost is the product 100-150 taka in Bangladesh, 40% protein and 2% fat is available at 45-50 taka. In Bangladesh, soybean meal and full-fat soybean are imported from various countries including America, China, Malaysia, and other available countries. Since it depends on imports, prices go up and down.

Where soybean meal are found

Now the question is where is the soybean feed is found? At present soybean, cultivation has also started in Bangladesh. In Laxmipur and Comilla districts, however, to a very small extent. And basically, a few oil companies and feed companies import from abroad. You can easily collect it by contacting the feed mills around you.

Nutritional analyses

This is the average calculation. The nutritional value of soybean meal may be more or less. It depends on the quality of the product.

  1. dry meter- 87.7%
  2. Crude Protein- 43.5
  3. Crude Fiber- 6.3
  4. Crude fat- 1.7
  5. Ass- 6.5
  6. Starch- 6
  7. Total Sugar- 9.3
  8. Metabolic energy- 4090 kcal / kg

Minerals analysis

Many organic minerals are found in this soybean meal.

  1. Calcium 3.4 g / kg
  2. Phosphorus 6.2 g / kg
  3. phytate phosphorus 3.8 g / kg
  4. Magnesium 2.9 g / kg
  5. Potassium 21.5 g / kg
  6. Sodium 0.08 g / kg
  7. Chlorine 0.4 g / kg
  8. Sulfur 4 g / kg
  9. Manganese 32 mg / kg
  10. Zinc 36 mg / kg
  11. Copper- 14 mg / kg
  12. Iron- 240 mg / kg
  13. Selenium- 0.2 mg / kg
  14. Cobalt- 0.3 mg / kg
  15. Molybdenum- 4 mg / kg
  16. Iodine 0.1- mg / kg
Soybean meal

Vitamins analysis

The following vitamins are found in soybean meals.

  1. Vitamin-E- 4.8 mg / kg
  2. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)- 3 mg / kg
  3. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)- 3 mg / kg
  4. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)- 6 mg / kg
  5. Niacin- 39.9 mg / kg
  6. Pantothenic acid- 15 mg / kg
  7. Biotin- 0.3 mg / kg
  8. Choline Chloride- 2892 mg / kg

Amino acids analysis

The protein obtained from soybean meal contains a small number of amino acids.

  1. lysine 28 g / kg
  2. threonine 18.6 g / kg
  3. Methionine 6.2 g / kg
  4. cysteine ​​7.8 g / kg
  5. methionine + cysteine ​​13 g / kg
  6. Tryptophan 5.9 g / kg
  7. Isolyucin 19.9 g / kg
  8. Valine 21 g / kg
  9. Leucine 33.1 g / kg
  10. Phenylalanine 22 g / kg
  11. Tyrosine 15.3 g / kg
  12. phenylalanine + tyrosine 36.3 g / kg
  13. Histadine 11.6 g / kg
  14. Arginine 31.6 g / kg
  15. alanine 19 g / kg
  16. Aspartic acid 47.9 g / kg
  17. Glutamic acid 6.4 g / kg
  18. Glycine 18.3 g / kg
  19. Serin 20.9 g / kg
  20. Proline 21.8 g / kg

It is worth mentioning the use of soybean meal or Mikhail as a source of protein in animal feed. This mill accounts for two-thirds of the total protein used worldwide. It can be used in dairy, poultry, and aquaculture. It can be used in food up to 10-50% depending on the age.

Specialty of soya meal

What is the specialty of soybean mills? Why is it used so much? Of course, it has special as a protein supplement. Already got some ideas by looking at its nutritional value. The higher the protein, the better the quality of the protein. The amount of amino acids in a protein is much higher. Also rich in vitamins and minerals. And its price is relatively low.

Where soybean meal is available

Soybean mills are mainly produced in oil production establishments and are bought by certain traders from there. In almost every district of Bangladesh, one or more people are involved in this business.

If you want to get soybean meal in large quantities and at a fair price, you have to keep in touch with all these traders. In Bangladesh, mainly soybean meals are available from Tir, Fresh, and Muskan. And large quantities are imported from abroad. You can also get it by contacting a well-known cattle seller.

The price of soybean meal

At the time I am writing this article, the price of soybean mill is 39-40 rupees per kg. This is the highest price, moreover, its regular price is between 32-35 rupees. These are the words of the native arrow or fresh company. However, the price of imported soybean mill is 2-3 rupees less per kg. The quality of imported soybeans is not very good.

Precautions

Dairy cattle can be fed soybean meal up to a maximum of 40% of daily granular feed and bulls up to a maximum of 50%. However, normally 30% of daily soybean meal consumption is considered to be a balanced amount.

20-30% can be used in layer chicken feed and 25-40% in broiler chicken feed. The amount of soybean meal used depends on other ingredients and protein supplements.

Read More: Molasses for cattle feed: Best nutrition

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