Gir cow of Gujarat in India. The Indian cow has been used in the development of most of the breeds in the world. It is amazing to see Gir cow. Boss Indiakas is an Indian cow that has been used to develop the highest number of breeds in the world, that is tropical extreme climate Gir breed cows. They are very disease-resistant and active. This breed of cow is world-famous for milk and meat production.
Gir animal husbandry has now become a business of huge profit. Milk is being sold from Rs 70 to Rs 200 per liter and ghee at Rs 2000 per kg. The Gir cow is named after the Gir forest of Saurashtra, their price ranges from 90 thousand rupees to three and a half lakh rupees.
The country of origin
The country of origin of Gir breed is India. The most popular in the world is Brazil. One study found, Currently in Gujarat where there are 5,000 Indigenous Gir. There are more than 5 million Gir cows in Brazil.
Brief introduction of Gir cow
|Name of the breed||Gir|
|Produces||milk and meat|
|Average weight||Bull – 800 kg|
Cow – 600 kg
Calf – 25 kg
|Original habitat||Gujarat in India|
|Expansion||Almost all the cattle rearing countries in Europe, America, Africa, Australia and Asia.|
The average weight in India
Adult Bull – 700 kg
Dairy Cow – 550 kg
Calf – 23 kg
In all the countries Gir are reared
This breed of cow is kept all over the world. This breed has been used in the development of cattle breeds all over the world as it has some important characteristics. These cows are reared in almost all the countries of Asia. The cows are also reared in almost all countries in Europe, America, Africa and Australia.
Gir cow farming
These cows are reared on open farms in open pastures such as in Europe and America. Gir cattle farms can be seen in many places. These cows may be the main choice in case of cow fattening. Fattening of these cows makes it possible to produce more in less time as the cost of food is less. Cattle disease is very rare so the cost of health management is very low.
Characteristics of Gir
- Deep red is the main color of Gir. Available in a light yellow and white color. Now Gir can be seen in black.
- Thick and back-curved horns.
- The wide forehead of the Gir shows the impression of nobility.
- Its wide forehead acts as a radiator to cool Gir’s body in extremely hot weather.
- They have long-hanging ears.
- It can be seen that Gir cows sweat a lot in hot and humid weather. Which makes heat control and control of different types of parasites possible. This is a special feature of this Gir cow.
- Known as a calm and loyal cow.
- These highly resistant cows are very easy to keep and are accustomed to any feed.
- Gir cows give birth for the first time in 20-24 months and for the second time in 30-34 months
The average annual milk production of Gir cows in India is 1600 kg. Gir cow milk per day 10-15 ltr. India has an annual milk production record of 3100 kg. The average milk production of Brazilian Gir cows is 3000-3200 kg annually. There is a record of giving 72 liters of milk daily to a Gir cow named ‘Shira’ in Brazil. These cows provide milk for 280 to 300 days.
The demand for the milk of these cows of the Indian breed is increasing continuously. Its milk and ghee also get a very good price for the cattle owners. this cow gives about 10 liters of milk at a time. The cost of this cow is around 55 to 70 thousand rupees. In Rudrapur, cattle rearers are being encouraged to rear Gir cows. The result of this is being seen in the form of good income for cow farmers.
Make huge profits by raising this cow and sell ghee up to Rs. 2000 per kg.
Milk price in India
The price of milk depends on the fodder fed to the cow and its nutritional value. In the Gaushala of Gau Krishi Jatan Sansthan, Gujarat, cows are fed Jeevanti powder and Palash flower powder, which increases the quality of milk. Due to the economic crisis in the Corona epidemic, the Gir cow is also being sold for 45 to 60 thousand rupees.
These cows produce milk rich in high protein and fat. Both the price and the demand for this cow’s milk are high. Also, the beef of this Gir breed is very tasty. Raising this type of cow for meat is profitable. Gir is a high-breeding cow.
Gir cow for the dairy industry
Among the indigenous animals, the name of Gir comes to the fore in giving milk. This cow of the milch breed is called by many other names in regional languages, such as Bhodli, Desan, Gulati, Kathiawadi, etc. It is known from its name that its original habitat must have been the Gir forest area.
The average lifespan of Gir cows is usually 20-22 years. A cow gives birth to an average of 12 calves in a lifetime. Its life span is from 12 to 15 years. Gir can produce 6 to 12 children in its lifetime. Its weight can be around 400-475 kg. These cows can be recognized by their color. They are usually white, red, and light chocolate in color and their ears are long and pendulous.
Read more- Gir cow price in India.