Feeding rules and procedures for grass, water, and feed to cattle. All of these are extremely important for animal health. Rules for feeding grass, hay, water, and feeds to cattle.
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The cow is a herbivore. Raw grass is the main and important feed of cattle. Cows get water, digestible fiber, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals from raw grass. Different varieties of grass can be cultivated for cattle.
High-yielding and more nutritious grasses can be cultivated for cattle.
Feeding rules for grass
Eighty percent of the total feed of cows should be provided with raw grass or a mixture of raw grass and hay. Grasses should be cut to 2 inches in the case of small cows and 4 inches in the case of large cows. Grasses with fast growth and high nitrogen should never be fed. After cutting the grass from the land, it should be left in the light sun for 1 hour, and then it should be cut and fed to the cows.
Cows prefer to plow four inches above the ground. So cows should be grazed in an open field for some time.
Or make arrangements so that the cows can take food from the floor. Refrain from feeding wet, rotten and stale grass in water for a long time.
Grass should be collected 10-15 days after application of urea fertilizer on grassland. Feed a certain amount of raw grass every day. Refrain from making frequent changes or doing more or less.
Benefits of feeding grass to cows
Feeding grass to cows meets the needs of various vitamins and minerals of cows. At the same time production increases. The body of the cow increases the circular efficiency. The taste of feed is maintained. Cows have better fertility and increase milk production. The grass is the main food of cattle. Without feeding the cows grass, it is not possible to reduce the production and feed costs for cows in the right amount.
Feeding rules for livestock feed
About 60% of the total feed requirement of cows should be provided with fiber, grass, silage, etc. fiber and 40% cattle feed. When feeding fiber, care should be taken to ensure that the amount of raw grass or silage is 50-60 percent. No single feed ingredient can be used as a concentrate or granular food. Many of us make mistakes here.
A balanced diet should be prepared considering the breed, age, and physical condition of the cow. This feed of cattle can be supplied in different ways. 40% of the total demand can be fed by mixing fermented corn and 70 percent concentrate feed.
Concentrate feed can be supplied in the form of pellets.
It is better to provide concentrate feed in dry or soft conditions. The process of digestion of cattle is good. An uninterrupted supply of clean water should be maintained in front of the cows for 30-45 minutes after concentrate feed. Cows can never be given extra food for their needs.
Cows should not be given rotten stale feed. Unconventional feeds or some seasonal foods like different vegetables, mango-jackfruit peel, sweet potato, different types of peas, or part of it should be carefully mixed with other feed ingredients to get the animal accustomed.
The cow feels comfortable eating from 4 inches above the ground and is well fed with its physical constitution. Eating feed in this way improves the digestion of cows and increases the overall production by up to 15%. Concentrate feed should be mixed with vitamins and minerals in moderation.
Rules for watering cattle
Water participates in various biological functions of the cow’s body. No physiological work of a cow is done without water. During the winter season, a cow needs 10 liters of drinking water for every 100 kg of body weight and during hot weather, it is about 20 liters.
- Always keep water in front of the cow
- Water should be changed every 2 hours.
- Give warm water in hot weather and warm water in winter.
- It is very good to be able to filter water.
- If there is no filter, it is necessary to check the tube well water and find out whether it is useful or not.
- Care should be taken to ensure that cow’s drinking water is not contaminated in any way.
- Water purification tablets can be used if required.
Finally, I want to say. There is no substitute for feeding cows pure and freshwater to get maximum yield from cows.