Calf Diphtheria: Symptoms and treatment

Calf Diphtheria

Calf Diphtheria is a very deadly disease for calves. The disease is usually seen in the form of acute infection in the face of a calf less than 3 months old. However, in different forms, sometimes the disease occurs in the respiratory system of calves older than 3 months.

There are two forms of calf diphtheria. Common is an acute oral infection, usually seen in calves less than 3 months old. The second form is more common in older calves and affects the larynx, both caused by the bacterium Fusobacterium necroform, which causes liver boils in older cattle.

Cause of the disease

It is basically a bacterial disease. The disease is caused by a type of bacterium called Fusobacterium necrophorum.

Symptoms of Cuff Diphtheria

Symptoms of the disease in the face of a calf less than 3 months of age are that the face is swollen in the early stages of the disease, but the body temperature remains normal. In severe cases, body temperature rises and coughing, weakness, loss of appetite, difficulty breathing, chewing and swallowing become difficult. Occasionally there is a rash on the tongue, palate, or pneumonia. Respiratory problems in calves older than 3 months with calf diphtheria.

  1. There is a thin and painful cough.
  2. Body temperature rises.
  3. Anorexia and weakness are seen
  4. Difficulty in breathing, difficulty in chewing and swallowing are possible.
  5. Sometimes pneumonia can occur.

Treatment of Cuff Diphtheria

Good results are obtained by treatment as soon as possible. Benefits can be obtained by applying painkiller injections on the advice of the nearest veterinarian.

Calf Diphtheria Symptoms and treatment
Calf Diphtheria


A farmer must follow the necessary health rules.

  • On the farm, starting from newborn calves to adult calves, food containers and water containers should be cleaned regularly.
  • The farmer should take care that there are no cuts inside the calf’s mouth. If necessary, regular examination should be done.
  • The calf’s mouth should be cleaned regularly with disinfectant.
  • Calf with calf diphtheria should be isolated as soon as possible.

Calf Diphtheria in Bangladesh

Calf Diphtheria is very common in Bangladesh. Awareness is needed to stay away from any disease of animals including cows and calves. And if you have a disease, you must first go to the livestock office next door and seek advice.

You can also read- Bloating in cattle: Treatment and prevention.

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