Animal diseases and medicine

Animal diseases and medicine

Animal diseases always have a negative impact on animal welfare, public health, and the economy. Bacteria, Mycoplasma, Rickettsia, virus, and other Micro-organisms are causes of animal diseases. Farmers, veterinarians, and governments work together to control these infectious diseases.

What is animal disease?

Disease means an abnormality in the physical health of an animal. That is, if the animal fails to perform normal functions after maintaining adequate nutrition and the necessary environment, that condition is called animal disease.

Apart from this, the partial or complete inability of the regular activities of various organs inside the animal body is also called disease. Just as the disease can spread in epidemics among humans, so can animals. However, the difference between humans and animals in this regard is that humans can express illness through language, on the other hand, animals cannot.

Again human is only one species on the other hand species of animals are all animals except humans such as cow, buffalo, goat, sheep, goat, donkey, poultry, pigeon, turkey, Chinese chicken, quail, zoo animal, etc. Apart from this, different types of animals have different diseases and their symptoms are also different.

So it goes without saying that animal treatment is much more difficult and difficult than human treatment. Therefore, it is advisable to proceed with animal diseases and treatment with adequate knowledge about the causes of animal diseases. Knowing the causes of animal diseases makes it much easier to diagnose animal diseases.

Causes of animal diseases

Diseases of domestic animals and birds are mainly caused by the following six types.

  1. Biological agents
  2. Physical agents
  3. Chemical agents
  4. Metabolic and nutritional deficiency
  5. Immunological disorders
  6. Hereditary diseases and Congenital diseases

Biological agents


  1. Bacteria
  2. Mycoplasma
  3. Rickettsia
  4. virus
  5. Fungi
  6. Chlamydia



  1. Nematodes/ Roundworm
  2. Trematodes/Flukes
  3. Cestodes/Tapeworm


  1. Coccidiosis
  2. Babesiosis
  3. Trichomoniasis
  4. Trypanosoriasis


  1. Lice
  2. Ticks
  3. Mites

Physical agents

  1. injury
  2. burnt
  3. cold
  4. Electrocution, radiation inflammation etc.
  5. the sting
  6. the heat
  7. wet
  8. wound

Chemical agents

  1. Inorganic poisons
  2. Organic poisons
  3. Mycotoxins
  4. Biting

Metabolic and nutritional deficiency

  1. Milk fever
  2. Pregnancy toxemia
  3. Ketosis
  4. Grass tetany
  5. Post persistent hematuria
  6. Phosphorus deficiency
  7. Iodine deficiency
  8. Cu deficiency
  9. Fe deficiency
  10. A vitamins
  11. Rickets
  12. Osteomyelasia
  13. Cobalt deficiency
  14. Vitamin E deficiency

Immunological disorders

  1. Anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock;
  2. milk allergy;
  3. allergic dermatitis;
  4. Immune complex disease

Hereditary diseases and Congenital diseases

  1. In-breeding disease:
  2. Freemartinism
  3. Epitheliogenesis imperfect

Definition of veterinary medicine

Medicine is a branch of science that deals with the treatment, prevention, diagnosis, cure, and control of any disease. Veterinary medicine is a branch of science that deals with the treatment, prevention, diagnosis, cure, and control of various diseases of livestock.

Branches of Medicine

  1. General medicine
  2. Systemic medicine
  3. Diagnostic medicine
  4. Preventive medicine (Preventive medicine)
  5. Clinical medicine

Uses of Medicine

  1. Symptoms are easy to recognize.
  2. Diagnose the disease.
  3. Provide treatment.
  4. Disease prevention.

Importance and uses of Veterinary Medicine

  1. To increase animal health and production.
  2. To prevent disease transmission.
  3. To maintain harmony between people and the environment.
  4. To keep zoo and laboratory animals healthy.
  5. To properly diagnose, prevent and treat diseases.

Definition of Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, disorders, and injuries in animals. The scope of veterinary medicine is very wide, all species of animals, domestic and wild animals, etc. Veterinary medicine is administered only by a skilled and professional veterinarian. Who is commonly known as Vet, Veterinary Surgeon, and Veterinarian worldwide? However, the para veterinary staff includes animal nurses or technicians, animal physiotherapists, animal breeders, etc.

What is Veterinary Science?

Veterinary science is the branch of knowledge dealing with the anatomy, physiology, breeding, feeding, hygienic management, pathology, treatment of diseases and injuries, and prevention of zoonotic diseases, including the anatomy, physiology, breeding, feeding, production of meat and meat products of domestic (economic) animals and zoonotic diseases and Their scientific breeding techniques are included.

Advantages of Veterinary Science

  1. Contributes to human health, including zoonotic diseases (diseases transmitted from non-human animals to humans).
  2. Food security.
  3. Indirectly from basic medical research through the human application.
  4. They help maintain food supplies by monitoring and treating livestock health.
  5. Pets maintain good human health by leading healthy and long lives.

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